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螺杆泵组成及作用 井下系统
A、定子
A, stator
定子是螺杆泵的一个关键部件,并直接影响到井下机组的寿命。定子制造质量越高,井下机组的寿命就越长。定子的作用就是提供转子工作和液体抽汲的螺旋腔,其结构非常简单,由钢制外壳和塑料/橡胶衬套内腔有双螺旋、三螺旋、四螺旋甚至五螺旋、六螺旋,在相同尺寸下,螺旋数越多,泵的排量越高。
The stator is a key component of the screw pump, which directly affects the life of the downhole unit. The higher the quality of the stator, the longer the life of the downhole unit. The role is to provide a rotor stator and liquid pumping spiral cavity drain, the structure is very simple, a steel shell and a plastic / rubber bushing cavity with double helix, three helix, four or even five, six spiral helical spiral, in the same size, the number of spiral, the displacement of the pump is high.
B、转子
B, rotors
转子的结构也非常简单,主体是钢制杆件,一般外涂耐磨耐蚀的铬合金材料。其作用是传递动力和写定子形成密封腔。
The structure of the rotor is also very simple, the main body is steel rod, generally coated with abrasion resistant and corrosion resistant chromium alloy material. Its function is to transfer power and write the stator to form a seal cavity.
C、回转筒
C, rotary barrel
回转筒也就是一根内径较大的油管或空心定子筒,接在定子的上部以给转子和抽油杆杆柱以较大的回旋空间,防止转子和抽油杆因偏心运动磨擦磨损油管。
A rotary cylinder is also an oil tube or hollow stator barrel with larger inner diameter. It is connected to the upper part of the stator to provide larger swirl space for the rotor and sucker rod string, so as to prevent the rotor and sucker rod from attrition wear due to eccentric wear.
D、限位器
D, limiting device
限位器为一个底部带限位板和流通通道的短节,接在定子的尾部,其作用是施工作业时给转子限位以防止下入过头而失去作用和杆柱脱落时防止杆柱掉入井底。
The limiting device is a short section with bottom limit plate and distribution channel, which is connected to the tail of the stator. Its function is to limit the rotor to the rotor during construction, so as to prevent it from falling into the overhead and lose its function and prevent the rod from falling into the bottom when the rod string falls off.
E、抽油杆扶正器
E, sucker rod centralizer
抽油杆扶正器由心轴和扶正筒组成,它接在两根抽油杆之间,被卡在两个抽油杆接箍之间。心轴也就是一要极短的抽油杆短节。扶正筒是一个内孔比心轴大1MM左右的空心塑料筒,外部有四个略比油管内径小的扶正翼,采取浇注成型。扶正筒可以围绕心轴转动,防止抽油杆旋转时与内壁接触而磨蚀油管,又可以让流体通过。
The sucker rod centralizer is composed of the heart shaft and the upright cylinder, which is connected between the two sucker rods and is stuck between the two sucker rod hoops. The axis of the heart is also an extremely short rod short section. The centering cylinder is a hollow plastic tube inner hole Bixin shaft around 1MM, external four slightly smaller than the diameter of the tubing centralizer wing, adopt casting. The centralizer can revolve around the axis to prevent the sucker rod from touching the inner wall when it rotates, and it can also let the fluid pass through.
F、抽油杆
F, sucker rod
所使用的抽油杆是常用的普通抽油杆、空心抽油杆和连续抽油杆,可根据油井确定。
The sucker rod used is commonly used as a common sucker rod, hollow sucker rod and continuous sucker rod, which can be determined according to the oil well.
G、定子扶正器
G, stator centralizer
定子扶正器为有一定弹性的笼形装罩,每一对由两半构成,中间大、两端小。作用是使定子居中和减小定子的摆动。
The stator centralizer is a cage shaped cover with a certain elasticity. Each pair is made up of two halves, large in the middle and small at both ends. The function is to make the stator middle and reduce the stator wobble.
H、锚定装置
H, anchoring device
对于没有封隔器的井和泵挂深度浅的井,用于固定定子、消除摆动和防止定子脱扣。采用普通的锚定装置即可。
For wells without packers and shallow wells with deep pumps, it is used to fix the stator, eliminate the swinging and prevent the tripping of the stator. A common anchoring device can be used.
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